Summer 2019

ASPIRE is a quarterly magazine published by PCI in cooperation with the associations of the National Concrete Bridge Council. The editorial content focuses on the latest technology and key issues in the Concrete Bridge Industry.

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2 | ASPIRE Summer 2019 time to make over career paths in construction Is our industry ready to attract new talent? It's William N. Nickas, Editor-in-Chief Photo: PCI. E D I T O R I A L Editor-in-Chief William N. Nickas • Managing Technical Editor Dr. Reid W. Castrodale Technical Editor Dr. Krista M. Brown Program Manager Nancy Turner • Associate Editor Emily B. Lorenz • Copy Editor Elizabeth Nishiura Layout Design Walt Furie Editorial Advisory Board William N. Nickas, Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute Dr. Reid W. Castrodale, Castrodale Engineering Consultants PC Gregg Freeby, American Segmental Bridge Institute Pete Fosnough, Epoxy Interest Group of the Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute Alpa Swinger, Portland Cement Association Miroslav Vejvoda, Post-Tensioning Institute Cover Underside of the Salesforce Transit Center Bus Ramp Bridge showing box girders, link beams, and stay anchorages. Photo: Arup. Ad Sales Jim Oestmann Phone: (847) 924-5497 Fax: (847) 389-6781 • Reprints lisa Scacco • Publisher Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute Bob Risser, President Postmaster: Send address changes to ASPIRE, 200 W. Adams St., Suite 2100, Chicago, IL 60606. Standard postage paid at Chicago, IL, and additional mailing offices. ASPIRE (Vol. 13, No. 3), ISSN 1935-2093 is published quarterly by the Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute. Copyright 2019, Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute. If you have a suggestion for a project or topic to be considered for ASPIRE, please send an email to B y the end of this year, I will have taught 60 N a t i o n a l H i g h wa y I n s t i t u t e c l a s s e s o n prestressed concrete bridge superstructures, and I have found that the sidebar discussions with consultants and state highway officials are just as interesting as the curriculum. One question that I have heard repeatedly over the last 13 years, in every one of the 38 states where I have taught, is "How can we attract and retain staff?" This question is a call to action. To hire and retain the best staff, the bridge community needs to emulate other industries that are creating career paths to help workers move from low-skill to highly skilled opportunities. To do this, we must better define midlevel skilled workforce positions and open doors to the training, education, and credible certifications that can lead to lucrative, lifelong careers for engineers, designers, technicians, construction managers, construction tradespeople, and inspectors. And, yes, we'll need to be prepared to offer better pay for trained staff who enjoy our industry. Section 529 of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code provides tax advantages to individuals investing in savings plans designated to be used to attend colleges and universities. Senator Steve Daines of Montana is sponsoring a bill to expand the options for using such 529 plans, allowing skilled workers to use funds to pay for enrollment in registered, high-quality programs that provide advanced training such as apprenticeships. 1 Senator Daines and others say that this proposed change to the tax code could be the boost needed to help match workers with jobs in the skilled trades. Given the influences of technology on our economy, the careers associated with our construction delivery systems are going to need a fresh look to remain desirable to the next generation. In some economic sectors, technological shifts are leading to fewer job opportunities. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the U.S. Post Office will be losing 13% of its positions in the next decade, with much of that job loss being due to automation. Alternatively, in the same period, we can expect job opportunities across all construction classifications to grow at a rate of between 6% and 13% (see Table 1). 2 Technology changes are creating new job types all around us. Unfortunately, the newest middle-skilled jobs do not always provide stable employment or help millennial-generation workers climb a career ladder. To attract and retain skilled employees, we need to ensure that new jobs are as stable as possible and allow for career advancement. Let's design up-to-date career paths with current à la carte lists. Let's also support the dedicated members of our bridge community by establishing a model curriculum, including a list of tools (publications, training, and even certifications) to help individuals climb the career ladder. By investing in training, we can allow young men and women to succeed in the trades and build a stronger country and community. Technological shifts are leading to fewer job opportunities. In my editorial in the last issue of ASPIRE ® , I discussed changing infrastructure needs and artificial intelligence (AI) trends, and their anticipated impact on bridges. Bridges are an expensive feature of the human habitat, and new asset management measures are underway, with a push toward using Big Data and AI to lower operational costs and extend the service lives of bridges. The futur e will cer tainly bring new car eer classifications to the bridge community. In this issue, Dr. Joey Hartmann from the Federal Highway Administration offers insights about how truck loads and vehicular operations are being viewed in truck platoon scenario modeling as policy makers move Portland Cement Association Wire Reinforcement Institute American Segmental Bridge Institute Epoxy Interest Group Expanded Shale Clay and Slate Institute Post-Tensioning Institute

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