ASPIRE is a quarterly magazine published by PCI in cooperation with the associations of the National Concrete Bridge Council. The editorial content focuses on the latest technology and key issues in the Concrete Bridge Industry.

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PERSPECTIVE Funding of Highway Trust Fund Needs Fixing by Todd Johnston, Portland Cement Association As Congress weighs implementation of a $1.5 trillion infrastructure package, supporters of infrastructure spending are pushing for a long-term funding mechanism for the Highway Trust Fund (HTF). As with many federal programs, the intent of the HTF was good, but its funding is insufficient to maintain the current system of U.S. highways and bridges, let alone build a modern system. In fact, Congress has had to transfer $140 billion into the HTF since 2008 to prevent its insolvency. The HTF is funded through a number of sources, including a fixed-rate per-gallon excise tax on the sale of gasoline and diesel fuel; a sales tax on heavy trucks, trailers, and tires; and an annual heavy vehicle use tax for vehicles weighing more than 55,000 pounds. The primary source of funding is fuel fees, which have not been increased since 1993. According to the Congressional Budget Office, the HTF is projected to face a more than $100 billion shortfall over the next decade. Because of this shortfall, a wide-ranging coalition of transportation, business, and labor organizations— including the Portland Cement Association (PCA) and the Precast/ Prestressed Concrete Institute (PCI)—are urging lawmakers to fix the funding of the HTF as part of an infrastructure package. Among other reasons, it is imperative that Congress provide funding for the HTF to pay for the thousands of bridges that are needed across the nation. By adding lanes or building new bridges, the total area of bridges in the United States has been growing during the past 10 years at an annual rate of nearly 42 million square feet. Unfortunately, even this level of new bridge construction and expansion has not kept pace with demographic growth. A 2017 analysis by PCA noted several factors that underpin the need for more bridges. By 2040, PCA forecasts: • An increase in the nation’s baseline population of 59 million people (a 17.4% increase) • Nearly 40 million more licensed drivers • Nearly 53 million more vehicles on the roads • An increase in the total number of annual vehicle miles traveled of 600 billion There are currently more than 610,000 highway bridges in the United States. As population and the number of drivers on the road increase, so will the total number of vehicle miles traveled and the number of bridge crossings. PCA’s forecast shows that the number of bridge crossings is expected to increase from 733 billion in 2015 to nearly 867 billion by 2040. The combination of increased crossings and rising vehicle weights will accelerate bridge wear and tear, meaning more existing bridges will become structurally deficient earlier in their lives. Thus, PCA anticipates the need for 140,000 new or replacement bridges by 2040, with at least 70% of these having concrete superstructures. Our nation’s bridges are just one of the critical needs of our transportation system. None of the issues will be adequately addressed, however, if the HFT remains insolvent. That is why lawmakers need to take advantage of this opportunity to address the HTF’s long-term funding challenges. Talk of funds, bridges, and highways obscures the fundamental issue in the infrastructure debate—in the final analysis, the issue is about people. A robust, modern transportation system stimulates economic development and raises standards of living. That is good for everyone, including the men and women who work in the cement and concrete industry and the communities where they live. Cement and concrete product manufacturing, directly and indirectly, employ approximately half a million people, and our collective industries contribute approximately $100 billion to the U.S. economy. The U.S. cement industry has an extensive presence across the country, with more than 90

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